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Applied Sports Science Weekly Digest #276

Subjective Wellness, Muscular Health and Skeletal Health and More

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Evaluating the relationship between neurological function, neuromuscular fatigue, and subjective performance measures in professional rugby union players 

When examining subjective or objective “readiness to train” markers, the practitioner is assessing an athlete’s response to training. It is now well established that this is a multi-factorial approach, and it is highly recommended that multiple measures are considered to assess an athlete’s “readiness to train” or reduce injury risk. 

Front. Sports Act. Living | November 2022 Learn More ›

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Quantifying Exposure and Intra-Individual Reliability of High-Speed and Sprint Running During Sided-Games Training in Soccer Players 

The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to: synthesize the evidence on high-speed and sprint running exposure induced by sided games in adult soccer players, establish pooled estimates and intra-individual reliability for high-speed and sprint running exposure, and explore the moderating effects of game format and playing constraints. 

Sports Medicine | November 2022 Learn More ›

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NAD+ Therapeutics and Skeletal Muscle Adaptation to Exercise in Humans 

The aim of this review is to (i) provide an overview of NAD+ metabolism in skeletal muscle, (ii) discuss how diet and exercise interact to alter NAD+ content, (iii) highlight different oral supplementation approaches to manipulate NAD+ in vivo, and (iv) examine the feasibility of NAD+-targeted therapeutics to improve athletic performance in humans.

Sports Medicine| November 2022 Learn More ›

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Relevance and Effectiveness of Combined Resistance and Balance Training to Improve Balance and Muscular Fitness in Healthy Youth and Youth Athletes 

The objective of this scoping review was to describe the effects of concurrently performed balance and resistance training (i.e., metastable resistance training) and different sequencing schemes of balance and resistance training on measures of balance and/or muscular fitness in healthy youth and youth athletes. We additionally aimed to identify knowledge gaps in the literature. 

Sports Medicine | November 2022 Learn More ›

Newsletter History

Applied Sports Science Weekly Digest #274

Return to Work, Visuomotor Performance, Range of Motion & more | November 4, 2022 Normative values and changes in range of motion, strength, and functional performance over 1 year in adolescent female football players  Normative values for ROM and strength...

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Applied Sports Science Weekly Digest #273

October 28, 2022 | Measures of falls efficacy, Wearables for Gait, Ketones, & More Wearables for Running Gait Analysis: A Systematic Review It is well established that a contributing factor to RRI is abnormal running gait, meaning early detection of potentially...

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Applied Sports Science Weekly Digest #272

October 21, 2022 Fatigue and Human Performance: An Updated Framework  Both performance fatigability and perceived fatigability depend on several factors that determine the decline in motor performance as well as the changes in the individuals’s sensations. In their...

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Research Articles

Suggested articles for further reading


Jackson, A and Pollock, M. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. British Journal of Nutrition. 1978;40:497-504.  Abstract

Siri, W.  Body composition from fluid space and density.  Brozek & A. Hanschel (Eds.), Techniques for measuring body composition. 1961;223-244.  Abstract

Brozek, J, Grande, F, Anderson, J, and Keys, A. Densitometric analysis of body composition: Revision of some quantitative assumptions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1963;110:113-140.  Abstract


Chu, D., A. Faigenbaum, and J. Falkel. Progressive Polymetrics for Kids. Monterey, CA: Healthy Learning. 2006

Hewett, T. G. Myer, and K. Ford. Reducing knee and anterior cruciate ligament injuries among female athletes. J Knee Surg 18:82-88. 2005.

Micheli, L. Preventing injuries in sports: What the team physician needs to know. In: F.I.M.S. Team Physician Manual, 2nd ed., K. Chan, L. Micheli, A. Smith, C. Rolf, N. Bachl, W. Frontera, and T. Alenabi, eds. Hong Kong: CD Concept. 2006. pp. 555-572.


Pandolf, K, Billings, D, Drolet, L, Pimental, N, and Sawka, M. Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and various physiological responses during prolonged upper and lower body exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 1984;53:5-11.  Abstract

Baden, D, McLean, T, Tucker, R, Noakes, T, and St Clair Gibson, A. Effect of anticipation during unknown or unexpected exercise duration on rating of perceived exertion, affect, and physiological function. J Sports Med. 2005;39:742-746.  Abstract


For a more thorough list about sleep, check out Fatigue Science’s extensive research page.

Russel, C., PhD, J.A., PhD, Arand, D., PhD, Myers, L.J., PhD, Wubbels, P., BS, and Downs, H., PhD. Validation of the Fatigue Science Readiband™ Actigraph and Associated Sleep/Wake Classification Algorithms. Archinoetics, LLC. Article

 Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail, 31 Dec. 2014. Web. 13 Apr. 2015. Article

Mah CD; Mah KE; Kezirian EJ; Dement WC. The effects of sleep extension on the athletic performance of collegiate basketball players. SLEEP 2011;34(7):943-950. Abstract


Varley M, Fairweather I and Aughey R. Validity and reliability of GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during acceleration, deceleration and constant motion. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2012;30(2):121-127.  Abstract

Boyd L, Ball K and Aughey R. Quantifying external load in Australian football matches and training using accelerometers. I J Sports Phys and Perf. 2013;8(1):44-51.  Abstract

Gabbett T. Quantifying the physical demands of collision sports; does microsensor technology measure what it claims to measure? J Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013;27(8):2319-2322.  Abstract


For a thorough list of publications about hydration, visit the Gatorade Sports Science Institute Publications page.

Osterberg, K, Horswill, C, and Baker, L. Pregame urine specific gravity and fluid intake by National Basketball Association players during competition. Journal of Athletic Training – J ATHL TRAINING. 2009 01-02;44(1):53-7. Abstract

Godek, S, Peduzzi, C, Burkholder, R, Condon, S, Dorshimer, G, and Bartolozzi, A. Sweat rates, sweat sodium concentrations, and sodium losses in 3 groups of professional football players. Journal of Athletic Training. 2010 Jul-Aug; 45(4): 364–371. Abstract


Hooper, S, Mackinnon, L. Monitoring overtraining in athletes: recommendations. Sports Med. 1995;20(5):321–327.

McLean, B, Coutts, A, Kelly, V, McGuigan, M, and Cormack, S. Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2010;5:367-383.  Abstract


Holman, A and Ng, E. Heart rate variability predicts anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy response for inflammatory arthritis. Auton Neurosci. 2008;143:58-67.  Abstract

Fomin, R and Nasedkin, V. Effective management of athlete preparation: a comprehensive approach to monitoring of athlete’s individual readiness. White paper, Omegawave, ePub. 2013.  Download


Linthorne, N. Analysis of standing vertical jumps using a force platform. American Journal of Physics. 2001.  Abstract

Guillaume L, Wagner P, and Tombleson T. Countermovement jump height: gender and sport-specific differences in the force-time variables. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013.  Abstract

ithlete. Guide to training with heart rate variability (HRV). HRV Fit Ltd. 2012.  Download