GPS (Global Positioning System)

Boyd L, Ball K, and Aughey R. The reliability of MinimaxX accelerometers for measuring physical activity in Australian football. I J Sports Phys and Perf. 2011;6(3):311.  Abstract

Varley M, Fairweather I and Aughey R. Validity and reliability of GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during acceleration, deceleration and constant motion. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2012;30(2):121-127.  Abstract

Boyd L, Ball K and Aughey R. Quantifying external load in Australian football matches and training using accelerometers. I J Sports Phys and Perf. 2013;8(1):44-51.  Abstract

Gabbett T. Quantifying the physical demands of collision sports; does microsensor technology measure what it claims to measure? J Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013;27(8):2319-2322.  Abstract

RPE (Rating of Perceived Exertion)

Pandolf, K, Billings, D, Drolet, L, Pimental, N, and Sawka, M. Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and various physiological responses during prolonged upper and lower body exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 1984;53:5-11.  Abstract

Baden, D, McLean, T, Tucker, R, Noakes, T, and St Clair Gibson, A. Effect of anticipation during unknown or unexpected exercise duration on rating of perceived exertion, affect, and physiological function. J Sports Med. 2005;39:742-746.  Abstract

Wellness Questionnaire

Hooper, S, Mackinnon, L. Monitoring overtraining in athletes: recommendations. Sports Med. 1995;20(5):321–327.

McLean, B, Coutts, A, Kelly, V, McGuigan, M, and Cormack, S. Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2010;5:367-383.  Abstract


For a thorough list of publications about hydration, visit the Gatorade Sports Science Institute Publications page.

Osterberg, K, Horswill, C, and Baker, L. Pregame urine specific gravity and fluid intake by National Basketball Association players during competition. Journal of Athletic Training – J ATHL TRAINING. 2009 01-02;44(1):53-7. Abstract

Godek, S, Peduzzi, C, Burkholder, R, Condon, S, Dorshimer, G, and Bartolozzi, A. Sweat rates, sweat sodium concentrations, and sodium losses in 3 groups of professional football players. Journal of Athletic Training. 2010 Jul-Aug; 45(4): 364–371. Abstract

Casa, D, Clarkson, P, and Roberts, W. American college of sports medicine roundtable on hydration and physical activity: consensus statements. Current  Sports Medicine Reports. 2005, 4:115-127. Download

Murray, B. Preventing dehydration: sports drinks or water. Gatorade Sports Science Institute. 2005. Download

Force Plate

Linthorne, N. Analysis of standing vertical jumps using a force platform. American Journal of Physics. 2001.  Abstract

Guillaume L, Wagner P, and Tombleson T. Countermovement jump height: gender and sport-specific differences in the force-time variables. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013.  Abstract

HRV (Heart Rate Variability)

Holman, A and Ng, E. Heart rate variability predicts anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy response for inflammatory arthritis. Auton Neurosci. 2008;143:58-67.  Abstract

Fomin, R and Nasedkin, V. Effective management of athlete preparation: a comprehensive approach to monitoring of athlete’s individual readiness. White paper, Omegawave, ePub. 2013.  Download

ithlete. Guide to training with heart rate variability (HRV). HRV Fit Ltd. 2012.  Download

Injury Prevention in Youth Athletes

Chu, D., A. Faigenbaum, and J. Falkel. Progressive Polymetrics for Kids. Monterey, CA: Healthy Learning. 2006

Emery, C. Injury prevention and future research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 48:179-200.  2005.

Hewett, T. G. Myer, and K. Ford. Reducing knee and anterior cruciate ligament injuries among female athletes. J Knee Surg 18:82-88. 2005.

Micheli, L. Preventing injuries in sports: What the team physician needs to know. In: F.I.M.S. Team Physician Manual, 2nd ed., K. Chan, L. Micheli, A. Smith, C. Rolf, N. Bachl, W. Frontera, and T. Alenabi, eds. Hong Kong: CD Concept. 2006. pp. 555-572.

Body Composition

Siri, W.  Body composition from fluid space and density.  Brozek & A. Hanschel (Eds.), Techniques for measuring body composition. 1961;223-244.  Abstract

Brozek, J, Grande, F, Anderson, J, and Keys, A. Densitometric analysis of body composition: Revision of some quantitative assumptions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1963;110:113-140.  Abstract

Yuhasz, M. Physical Fitness Manual, London Ontario, University of Western Ontario. 1974.

Jackson, A and Pollock, M. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. British Journal of Nutrition. 1978;40:497-504.  Abstract

Jackson, A, Pollock, M, and Ward, A. Generalized equations for predicting body density of women. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1980;12:175-182.  Abstract

Parrillo, J and Greenwood-Robinson, M. High-performance bodybuilding. Berkeley Publishing Group. 1993;169-172.


Ebner, David. “Sleep Is a Weapon: Sports, and Society, Discover Jason Bourne’s Secret.” The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail, 31 Dec. 2014. Web. 13 Apr. 2015. Article

Mah CD; Mah KE; Kezirian EJ; Dement WC. The effects of sleep extension on the athletic performance of collegiate basketball players. SLEEP 2011;34(7):943-950. Abstract

McCormick F, Kadzielski J, Landrigan CP, Evans B, Herndon JH, Rubash HE. Surgeon Fatigue: A Prospective Analysis of the Incidence, Risk, and Intervals of Predicted Fatigue-Related Impairment in Residents. Arch Surg. 2012;147(5):430-435. Abstract

Rettner, By Rachael. “Fitness Trackers & Sleep: How Accurate Are They?” LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 20 Jan. 2014. Web. 13 Apr. 2015. Article

Russel, C., PhD, J.A., PhD, Arand, D., PhD, Myers, L.J., PhD, Wubbels, P., BS, and Downs, H., PhD. Validation of the Fatigue Science Readiband™ Actigraph and Associated Sleep/Wake Classification Algorithms. Archinoetics, LLC. Article

For a more thorough list about sleep, check out Fatigue Science’s extensive research page.